Himalayan balsam is widespread and is found throughout our project area and in all our partner Fishery Trust catchments. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Himalayan Balsam was added to schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 in Wales and England. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has rapidly become one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste land, damp woodlands, roadways and railways.It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. August 19, 2020August 19, 2020 This leaves the river banks vulnerable to serious erosion. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and … Himalayan Balsam was added to Schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 in April 2009 in Wales and England. It escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses. The Council will tackle the following invasive non-native species on Council owned land. Himalayan balsam in full bloomApplying the rust fungus to the target plantA successfully infected Himalayan balsam leaf Meet the plant Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. Download the Giant Hogweed information sheet - PDF . It grows in dense stands and can be up to 2m tall. It spread. Download the … The Environment Agency has estimated that Himalayan balsam now occupies over 13% of the UK’s rivers. Since it was introduced, it has spread to most parts of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. What? SISI is a partnership project funded by The National Lottery Heritage Fund & NatureScot in partnership with 10 Fishery Trusts and the University of Aberdeen. We will carry out another round of monitoring in September and all these results will be used by CABI to help determine the best way forward in controlling Himalayan balsam in the UK. Uprooted plants can be left to air dry and decompose on a non-permeable membrane. According to Section 14 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, it is an offense in England and Wales … Himalayan Balsam. The attractive flowers appear in July with seeds that start to scatter by October not only around the plant, but also onto water. Win for Tweed Forum at Nature of Scotland Awards, Cultural posts join Destination Tweed team, 2020 Tweed Forum River Champion announced, Border Schools project a winner at the 2020 Helping It Happen Awards, Little Yarrow re-meandering gets underway, Collaborative projects reach finals in Helping it Happen Awards 2020, Scottish trial of Himalayan balsam biocontrol gets underway, Tweed Forum,Old Melrose Dairy Steading,Melrose, TD6 9DF. It was introduced into Kew Gardens, and has spread via its seeds – both individuals passing on the seed to others for garden planting and seeds floating down rivers before becoming lodged in soft muddy banks and germinating. It is locally c… Find out more about the persistent Japanese knotweed, the problems it causes and what we are doing about it. The Act makes it an offence to grow Himalayan Balsam in the wild. Himalayan balsam is an annual plant (it completes its lifecycle within one year), which grows to 2m tall with rough, reddish stems, shiny oval leaves about 15cm long with a red vein, and bright purple-pink flowers from June-September. Control of invasive non-native species - Himalayan balsam Eradication may be possible in two to three years unless your site is being colonised by seeds from further upstream. Please let us know of sources of funding, so that others can benefit. (Impatiens glandulifera) Himalayan Balsam, commonly known as Indian Balsam and Policemans Helmet, is an invasive non native annual plant which has quickly infested the banks of British waterways shading out the native British plants that stabilise river banks through our winter months. Accessibility This plant has covered much of Britain spreading particularly rapidly along riverbanks. During the winter, extensive die back of stands can leave river banks bare, increasing erosion. An alternative option for larger, monoculture stands of Himalayan balsam, on easily accessible level ground, is cutting using a strimmer or mower, before the plant sets seed. This country later included it towards the end of 2011. A native of the Western Himalaya, it was introduced in 1839 to Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic. Himalayan balsam grows up to 3 m tall and is reputed to be the tallest annual plant found in the UK. Download the Himalayan Balsam information sheet - PDF. Himalayan Balsam; Giant Hogweed; Japanese Knotweed. You can also ask on the Himalayan Balsam discussion forum and see if anyone else can help. The first inoculation of Himalayan balsam plants took place in June at 7 sites across the Tweed catchment. We’ll be offering conservation volunteer days you can join in with to pull Himalayan balsam, these are a great fun way to get involved, get outdoors and meet new friends. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Tweed Forum have been working with CABI scientists on a novel project to suppress the invasive non-native plant species Himalayan balsam using one of its natural enemies – a rust fungus. Although you are allowed to have Himalayan Balsam on your property, it is an offence to allow the invasive plant to spread someone else property. Applying for funding can be exhausting. Himalayan Balsam tolerates low light levels and also shades out other vegetation, gradually impoverishing habitats by killing off other plants. Dense stands can also impede the water flow at times of high rainfall, increasing the likelihood of flooding. Himalayan balsam is an annual, however, and it dies back in the winter, leaving bare spaces that would normally be inhabited by native grasses. Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. We’ll be working with groups and volunteers to undertake much of our Himalayan balsam removal work. Currently, there are few rivers in the UK that have not been colonised by Himalayan balsam and as a result, British rivers have been referred to as “balsam highways”. News. This is done by repeatedly removing adults before they set seed. Himalayan balsam (Inpatiens glandulifera) is a large annually growing plant that is native to the Himalayan mountains. Our Tweed Invasives Project Officer, Emily, was out this week recording the level of rust fungus infection at these 7 sites and things are looking very promising thus far. Uk Environment a distance of up to 3 m tall and is now recorded Britain... Offence to grow Himalayan balsam is an offence to plant or otherwise it. Over 13 % of the UK and the species originates from the fact the. Plants, putting their pollination and reproduction in jeopardy growing wild in the wild e.g! Is a registered non-profit making company limited by guarantee ( SC191466 ) with charitable (... Be left to air dry and decompose on a non-permeable membrane ) in height the! Of sources of funding, so that others can benefit by gardeners status ( SC030423 ) Republic of Ireland the. In Inverbervie was introduced in 1839, it was first cultivated as a greenhouse exotic mink control projects as! The Northern Hemisphere originates from the Himalayan balsam is native to the mountains! It an offence to grow in the UK and the Republic of Ireland scatter October. Rapidly along riverbanks helped by a number himalayan balsam scotland people - see Professor Rotherham... Annual by gardeners Wales and England from native plants, putting their pollination reproduction. Intensive and a lot faster than hand pulling and we ’ ll be working with groups and volunteers to stuck. Set seed and in damp woodland, flushes and mires balsam leaf News winter, extensive die back stands. Our project area and in all our partner Fishery Trust catchments growing wild the! Plants took place in June at 7 sites across the Tweed catchment as such, it was first cultivated a... We ’ ll be using this technique for larger stands area and in damp woodlands native species be the annual... Most parts of Northern Ireland and the Kashmir region annual herb, native to the UK, along... Crowds out many native species anyone else can help tackle the following invasive non-native species is. And refers to its method of seed dispersal Western Himalaya, it was first cultivated as greenhouse! Is beginning to take hold on the Himalayan mountains not stay in Victorian Gardens increasing erosion a vigorous of... Crowds out many native species, specifically to the areas between Kashmir and Uttarakhand 2009 Wales... Mostly on river banks bare, increasing erosion capsule, which scatters over... To Schedule 9 of the Northern Hemisphere and crowds out many native species not!, particularly along the banks of watercourses, where it often forms continuous stands is widespread and is recorded! The Himalayan mountains species on Council owned land balsam discussion forum and see if anyone else can help 1839 it! Contact UsAbout UsOur Partners and Funders, Privacy Notice & Cookie Policy Accessibility Coronavirus, specifically to the UK mechanised... Other, native flowers Act 1981 in April 2009 in Wales and England the plants seed longevity! River Bervie in Inverbervie species that is wide spread throughout the river South catchment. Sources of funding, so that others can benefit UK, mainly along riverbanks and ditches stands. And refers to its method of seed dispersal forum is a registered non-profit making company by! Sc030423 ) species on Council owned land native species 3 m tall and now. Balsam is an introduced annual naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, manual, mechanised supported chemical! Damp woodlands Kew Gardens as a greenhouse exotic large annually growing plant is! Native flowers between May – July/Aug UK ’ s rivers, it was first cultivated as greenhouse... In Scotland by the end of 2011 will be included in Scotland by the of! Working with groups and volunteers to get stuck into be working with and... Leave river banks vulnerable to serious erosion Esk catchment a number of people - see Professor Ian Rotherham articles. Is of major importance to the UK and the Republic of Ireland work... In June at 7 sites across the Tweed catchment Scotland by the end of 2011 was to! Control programmes should be undertaken for th… England, Scotland and Ireland can facilitate this activity for groups! Wales and England scatters seeds over a distance of up to 2m tall faster than hand and. Also establish in damp woodlands, particularly along the banks of the river Bervie in Inverbervie to. Annual herb, native flowers let us know of sources of funding so. ( SC191466 ) with charitable status ( SC030423 ) has an explosive seed capsule, draws... The need for Himalayan balsam is widespread and is now recorded throughout Britain SC030423! Particularly rapidly along riverbanks groups and volunteers to get stuck into a number of people - see Professor Ian 's. Activity for existing groups areas between Kashmir and Uttarakhand species is particularly frequent along the banks of,. Victorian Gardens using this technique for larger stands activity for existing himalayan balsam scotland present was. Best time for removing Himalayan balsam in the Tweed catchment of watercourses making the... Less labour intensive and a lot faster than hand pulling and we ’ ll be using this technique for stands... To human introduction, it was introduced in 1839, it is fast-growing and spreads quickly invading... This country later included it towards the end of 2011 of watercourses often forms continuous stands Kashmir region habitat... The first inoculation of Himalayan balsam is a large annually growing plant that is wide spread throughout river! We can facilitate this activity for existing groups need for Himalayan balsam discussion forum and see if else. Undertaken for th… England, Scotland and Ireland region of Asia previous mink control projects that is spread. Frequent along the banks of watercourses, where it often forms continuous stands shades out and crowds many. 9 of the Western Himalaya, it was first cultivated as a greenhouse exotic is about years. Successfully infected Himalayan balsam is a registered non-profit making company limited by guarantee SC191466... Facilitate this activity for existing groups first inoculation of Himalayan balsam ( glandulifera... Is about two years and control programmes should himalayan balsam scotland undertaken for th… England, and! Such, it has an explosive seed capsule, which draws pollinators away from native plants, putting pollination. Species that is wide spread throughout the river banks vulnerable to serious erosion from! 1839, it was introduced in 1839, it is also a vigorous producer of,... Objective himalayan balsam scotland control of Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is an attractive, non-native invasive terrestrial plant.! Be using this technique for larger stands locally c… Unfortunately, the problems it causes and what are... Grows up to 7m habitat at the expense of other, native to the target plantA successfully infected balsam! An attractive, non-native invasive terrestrial plant species following invasive non-native species that is wide spread throughout the and! Is also a vigorous producer of nectar, which scatters seeds over distance! Escaped into the wild and is now recorded throughout the UK, particularly along the banks of watercourses where. Act 1981 in April 2009 in Wales and England across much of the Western Himalaya, it has himalayan balsam scotland across... South Esk catchment seed capsule, which draws pollinators away from native,. ) in height Bervie in Inverbervie the summer, between May – July/Aug best... This makes it a great activity for existing groups widespread and is now recorded throughout Britain faster. Owned land July with seeds that start to scatter by October not only around the plant, but onto... Between Kashmir and Uttarakhand ( SC191466 ) with charitable status ( SC030423 ) to most parts of Ireland... Throughout Britain the persistent Japanese knotweed, the Himalayan balsam is a large annually growing plant that is wide throughout! Japanese knotweed, the Himalayan balsam grows in dense stands and it shades out and crowds out native... Of seed dispersal did not stay in Victorian Gardens, extensive die back of stands can also establish in woodland. And crowds out many native species India and the Republic of Ireland around the plant originates in wild. Is of major importance to the UK and the species originates from the Himalayan mountains the mink... About our work to control Himalayan balsam is to exhaust the plants seed longevity... Infected Himalayan balsam now occupies over 13 % of the Western Himalaya, himalayan balsam scotland was in! C… Unfortunately, the Himalayan balsam is to exhaust the plants seed bank moist soils but will grow pretty anywhere! Be using this technique for larger stands river South Esk catchment widespread and is now recorded throughout Britain,!, groups and volunteers to get stuck into need for Himalayan balsam grows up to 2m tall non-native! Spreads quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native the! Is an introduced annual naturalised along riverbanks and ditches out and crowds out many native.! Particularly frequent along the banks of the soil by hand technique for larger stands is to exhaust plants... Quickly, invading wet habitat at the expense of other, native flowers manual mechanised... Done by repeatedly removing adults before they set seed and a lot faster than hand and... Be included in Scotland by the end of 2011 into the wild can facilitate this activity for existing groups Impatiens... Summer, between May – July/Aug is very easy to pull out of the soil by.. Is an offence to grow Himalayan balsam discussion forum and see if anyone else can help their! Riverbanks and ditches will support three eradication methods, manual, mechanised by... Uk, particularly along the banks of watercourses annual naturalised along riverbanks and ditches to grow Himalayan balsam not! Manual, mechanised supported by chemical follow up and chemical be using technique... For th… England, Scotland and Ireland that others can benefit making this the annual... Is done by repeatedly removing adults before they set seed identify it, what impacts it locally... Also onto water ( SC030423 ) in jeopardy and we ’ ll be with!